Militarization and Violence against Women in Indian held Kashmir: An Analysis of International Human Rights Discourse

Authors

  • Izzat Raazia M. Phil. Scholar, Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Muhammad Usman Askari Assistant Professor, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

Keywords:

Gender, India, INGOs, Kashmir, Militarization, Victimization

Abstract

This research paper aims to explore the militarization led victimization of female freedom fighters in Indian held Kashmir. Women are the worst sufferers of the conflict. The current study aims to particularly unveil the experiences of women, they have undergone as a direct hit of violence, molestation and physical and sexual abuse by Indian Armed Forces and rival militant factions with impunity. They are the target of indirect victimization due to the absence of the male members of households (fathers, husbands and sons) in genocide, enforced disappearances, fatalities and mass and unidentified graves that have made the women sole bread earners of households. This study has used the theoretical lens of Feminist Security Studies. For textual interpretation and contextualization of reports published by International Non-Governmental Organizations and other gendered discourse on Kashmir, qualitative content analysis has been employed. This study measures the UN landmark Resolution 1325 in 2000 that acknowledges the impact of conflict on women disproportionately. The study concludes by proposing recommendations that Indian state must prohibit and protect all forms of gender based violence during prolonged conflict of Kashmir and let the Kashmiris exercise their free will.

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Published

2022-06-30

Details

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    PDF Downloads: 135

How to Cite

Raazia, I., & Usman Askari, M. (2022). Militarization and Violence against Women in Indian held Kashmir: An Analysis of International Human Rights Discourse. Pakistan Social Sciences Review, 6(2), 970–985. Retrieved from https://ojs.pssr.org.pk/journal/article/view/190