Error Analysis of Active Voice and Passive Voice Narration at Elementary Level in Gujranwala, Pakistan
Keywords:Active Voice Sentences, Dulay’s Theory, Errors Analysis, Norish’s Theory, Passive Voice Sentences, Past Tense, Present Tense
Most of the students commit errors in their writing. This research aimed to analyse errors committed by Eighth-grade students in changing active voice narration into passive voice narration. The study assesses both the primary reasons for errors and the frequency at which they occur. Sixty students from two different Govt. schools were selected to conduct this study using convenient random sampling. The active voice to passive voice narration test was used as a data collection tool. The descriptive and mixed method approach was used in this study. Dulay's theory (1982) was employed to categorize the collected data according to the types of errors. As per the research, the Past Indefinite tense exhibited the highest frequency of misformation errors. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the correction of misformation errors in Past Indefinite tense must be the priority while teaching the active voice narration change into passive voice narration and be figured out consistently.
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