Rising tide of Illiberalism and its Growing Influence on Democratization

Authors

  • Summaiyya Qureshi M.Phil. IR Scholar, Department of Political Science University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Farhan Khan Adjunct faculty member, Department of Political Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Sanan Hassan Lashari M.Phil. IR Scholar, Department of Political Science University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35484/pssr.2024(8-II-S)60

Keywords:

Democratic Backsliding, Democratic Regression, Democratic Values, Freedom, Illiberalism

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to review the rising tide of Illiberalism and its growing influence on democratization. Illiberalism, in counter to liberal democracy, refers to the kind of rule that is somewhat democratic but not genuinely democratized. Political leaders distort the mechanism of conducting elections, influence the coverage of the media, and use the notion of nationalism to strengthen their position. The qualitative method of research has been adopted whereas primary and secondary sources are adopted for data collection. Case studies from the United States under Donald Trump, India under Narendra Modi, and Turkey under Recep Tayyip Erdogan illustrate these phenomena. It shows that such practices of illiberalism erode democratic institutions, civil liberties, and checks and balances in the country. The paper suggests steps for improving the electoral oversight, media freedom, Global cooperation and civic education. All these measures are critical for the sustainability of democratization in the wake of surging illiberal forces.

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Published

2024-07-02

Details

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    PDF Downloads: 26

How to Cite

Qureshi, S., Khan, M. F., & Lashari, S. H. (2024). Rising tide of Illiberalism and its Growing Influence on Democratization. Pakistan Social Sciences Review, 8(2), 672–681. https://doi.org/10.35484/pssr.2024(8-II-S)60