Exploring the Causes of Child Labor and its Implications on their Mental Well-Being

Authors

  • Rasida Safdar PhD Scholar, Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Jafar Riaz Kataria Assistant Professor, Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35484/pssr.2024(8-II-S)62

Keywords:

Child Labor, Psychological Impact, Well-Being, Implications, Pakistan

Abstract

The current study aimed was to investigate the causes of child labor and its implications on children’s mental health in Lahore, Pakistan. The qualitative study was conducted by using mixed methods approach, utilizing purposive sampling to collect data from 40 minor automobile mechanics below the age of 18. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and transcribed to explore lived experiences and gather qualitative insights, while a concurrent survey design elicited descriptive statistics. Data was coded and analyzed using qualitative data analysis software to discern prominent themes. The findings suggested that familial necessities, lack of access to schooling, customary practices, and consumerism primarily drive the involvement of minors in the workforce are major causes to child labor. Notably, financial privation was the predominant push factor reported. Moreover, the study revealed that child labor often carries lasting psychological sequela, including symptoms of depression, and negatively impacts well-being during formative years. The findings underscore the urgent need for multi-pronged interventions to preemptively address root determinants of child labor while simultaneously expanding educational opportunities.

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Published

2024-07-10

Details

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    PDF Downloads: 5

How to Cite

Safdar, R., & Kataria, J. R. (2024). Exploring the Causes of Child Labor and its Implications on their Mental Well-Being. Pakistan Social Sciences Review, 8(2), 707–721. https://doi.org/10.35484/pssr.2024(8-II-S)62