Climate Change: Threats to Agricultural Sustainability in Pakistan


  • Maliha Aitzaz Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Lahore College Women University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Mustansar Aatizaz Lecturer, Department of Statistics Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Ghazanfar Aatzaz Deputy Director, Core Statistics Department, State Bank of Pakistan, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan



Agriculture Adaptation, Climate Trends, Farming, Policy Objectives, Sustainable Practices


This paper explores to evaluate how Pakistan's agriculture is affected by climate change and to find techniques to mitigate and adapt to the changes. Pakistan's agriculture industry is drastically affected by climate change. The continuous inclination of temperature, shifting weather patterns, and more frequent climate change events are remarkably reducing crop yields, compromising food security and posing serious threats to rural livelihood. In order to evaluate the effects of climate change on agricultural output, water resources, and controlling pests, this study sought farmers in liable areas, reviewed a variety of literature in detail, and examined climate data. The paper also founds critical declines in crop yields, changes in developing seasons, and expanded irritation and sickness pressure. Farmers were observed using more groundwater, which resulted in a shortage of water and less fertile land. Pakistan needs to prioritize climate-resilient agricultural techniques, raise farmer awareness and capacity building, improve water management, and encourage crop variety to ensure agricultural sustainability.





    Abstract Views: 6
    PDF Downloads: 11

How to Cite

Aitzaz, M., Aatizaz, M., & Aatzaz, G. (2024). Climate Change: Threats to Agricultural Sustainability in Pakistan. Pakistan Social Sciences Review, 8(2), 354–362.